Monthly Archives: December 2013

Christmas Truce of 1914.

On and around Christmas Day 1914, the sounds of rifles firing and shells exploding fade in a number of places along the Western Front in favor of holiday celebrations in the trenches and gestures of goodwill between enemies. Starting on Christmas … Continue reading

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Sir Douglas Haig replaces Sir John French as Commander in Chief of all British forces on the Western Front.

On Dec 19th 1915 In the wake of the British defeat at the Battle of Loos in September 1915, Sir Douglas Haig replaces Sir John French as commander-in-chief of all British forces on the Western Front. Haig, who commanded the … Continue reading

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Verdun. Battle ends 16th Dec 1916.

The Battle of Verdun, the longest engagement of WW1, ends on this day after ten months and close to a million total casualties suffered by German and French troops. The battle had begun on February 21, after the Germans—led by … Continue reading

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Gallipoli evacuation 15th Dec 1915.

Allied forces begin a full retreat from the shores of the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey on the 15th December 1915 ending a disastrous invasion of the Ottoman Empire. The Gallipoli campaign resulted in 250,000 Allied casualties and a greatly discredited Allied military command. … Continue reading

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Red Cross is awarded Nobel Peace Prize. 10th Dec 1917.

After three years of war, during which there had been no Nobel Peace Prize awarded, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the 1917 prize to the International Committee of the Red Cross. From the outbreak of WW1 the Nobel Committee had decided … Continue reading

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The Battle of the Falkland Islands 8th Dec 1914.

A month after German naval forces led by Admiral Maximilian von Spee inflicted the Royal Navy’s first defeat in a century by sinking two British cruisers with all hands off the southern coast of Chile, Spee’s squadron attempts to raid … Continue reading

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