The Battle of Jutland 31st May 1916 with Animation

The Battle Of Jutland 31st May 1916.

A full account of the Battle of Jutland narrated by Admiral Jellicoe’s grandson as part of the Jutland Centenary Commemorations. The 24 minute animation gives the viewer an overview of the major “chapters” of the battle – the opening battle cruiser action, the Grand Fleet deployment, the Turn Away and the Night Destroyer actions. Additionally the 1917 submarine campaign is explained as a consequence of Scheer’s decision not to risk another Fleet-to-Fleet encounter. Graphics, animation, animated maps and contemporary photography illustrate key points.


“People think that because you were there you knew the scale of it. You didn’t”
Henry Allingham – The last survivor of the Battle of Jutland.




Royal Navy


Barham 26 (4 officers) killed 37 (1 officer) wounded

Colossus 5 wounded

Malaya 63 (2 officers) killed 33 wounded

Marlborough 2 wounded

Valiant 1 wounded

Warspite 14 (1 officer) killed 16 (3 officers) wounded


Battle Cruisers:

Indefatigable (sunk) 1,017 (57 officers) killed 2 taken prisoner

Invincible (sunk) 1,026 (61 officers) killed

Lion 99 (6 officers) killed 44 (1 officer) wounded

Princess Royal 22 killed 78 (1 officer) wounded

Queen Mary (sunk) 1,266 (57 officers) killed 7 (2 officer) wounded 2 taken prisoner (1 officer)

Tiger 24 (2 officers) killed 37 wounded



Black Prince (sunk) 857 (37 officers) killed

Defence (sunk) 903 (54 officers) killed

Warrior (sunk) 71 (1 officer) killed 27 (2 officers) wounded


Light Cruisers:

Calliope 10 killed 9 (2 officers) wounded

Castor 13 killed 24 (2 officers) wounded

Chester 35 (2 officers) killed 42 (3 officers) wounded

Dublin 3 (1 officer) killed 24 wounded

Southampton 35 killed 41 (1 officer) wounded


Flotilla Leaders:

Broke 47 (1 officer) killed 36 (3 officers) wounded

Tipperary (sunk) 185 (11 officers) killed 2 wounded 8 taken prisoner



Acasta 6 (1 officer) killed 1 wounded

Ardent (sunk) 78 (4 officers) killed 2 (1 officer) wounded

Defender 1 killed 2 wounded

Fortune (sunk) 67 (4 officers) killed 1 wounded

Morsom 1 wounded

Nessus 7 (2 officers) killed 7 wounded

Nestor (sunk) 6 (2 officers) killed 4 wounded 75 taken prisoner

Nomad (sunk) 8 (1 officer) killed 7 wounded

Onslaught 5 (3 officers) killed 2 wounded

Onslow 2 killed 3 wounded

Petard 9 (2 officers) killed 6 (1 officer) wounded

Porpoise 2 killed 2 wounded

Shark (sunk) 86 (7 officers) killed 2 wounded

Sparrowhawk 6 killed

Spitfire 6 killed 19 (3 officers) wounded

Turbulent (sunk) 90 (5 officers) killed 13 taken prisoner


TOTALS of British casualties at the Battle of Jutland 31st May 1916:

Officers: 328 killed 25 wounded 10 taken prisoner

Sailors: (and civilians on-board) 5,769 killed 485 wounded 167 taken prisoner




German Imperial Navy



Grosser Kürfurst 15 (3 officers) killed 11 (1 officer) wounded

Kaiser 1 wounded

König 45 (1 officer) killed 27 (1 officer) wounded

Markgraf 11 killed 13 (1 officer) wounded

Nassau 12 (2 officers) killed 15 (2 officers) wounded

Oldenburg 8 (4 officers) killed 14 (3 officers) wounded

Ostfriesland 1 killed 10 wounded

Pommern (sunk) 840 (71 officers) killed

Rheinland 10 killed 20 (1 officer) wounded

Schliesien 1 killed 1 officer wounded

Schleswig-Holstein 3 killed 8 wounded

Westphalen 2 killed 8 (1 officer) wounded


Battle Cruisers:

Derfflinger 154 (1 officer) killed 26 (2 officers) wounded

Lützow (sunk) 111 (5 officers) killed 54 (5 officers) wounded

Moltke 17 killed 22 wounded

Seydlitz 98 (5 officers) killed 50 (4 officers) wounded

Von der Tann 12 (1 officer) killed 35 (3 officers) wounded


Light Cruisers:

Elbing (sunk) 4 killed 10 (1 officer) wounded

Frankfurt 3 (1 officer) killed 21 (1 officer) wounded

Frauenlob (sunk) 342 (17 officers) killed

Hamburg 14 (1 officer) killed 25 (4 officers) wounded

München 8 (1 officer) killed 19 (4 officers) wounded

Pillau 4 killed 23 wounded

Rostock 14 (1 officer) killed 6 wounded

Stettin 9 killed 27 (1 officer) wounded

Wiesbaden (sunk) 570 (27 officers) killed


Torpedo Boats/Destroyers

B98 2 killed 10 wounded

G40 1 killed 1 wounded

S32 3 killed 1 wounded

V4 (sunk) 18 (1 officer) killed 4 wounded

V48 (sunk) 92 (6 officers) killed


Sixth Flotilla 3 killed 16 (3 officers) wounded

Ninth Flotilla 120 (12 officers) killed 15 wounded


TOTALS of German casualties at the Battle of Jutland 31st May 1916:

Officers: 160 killed 40 wounded

Sailors: 2,385 killed 454 wounded




Chronology of Principal Events.
(Note.—These times are not based upon authentic records, but are
taken from the Jutland despatches, checked with narratives, Jellicoe’s
” Grand Fleet,” 1914-1916, and Von Scheer’s *’High Seas Fleet.”)
Phase I.—Battle Cruiser Action, . Roughly 4.0 to 6.0 p.m.
Phase II.—Battle Fleet Action, . . Roughly 6.0 to 9.0 p.m.
Phase III.—Night Action, . . . Roughly 10 p.m. to 2 a.m.,

June 1st.
2.20 p.m. Galatea reports enemy ships in sight.
Rosyth battle cruiser force steer to intercept enemy.
2.40 p.m. Grand Fleet raise steam for full speed and prepare to join
Ros3rth Force.
3.08 p.m. Engadine^s Seaplane is hoisted out and commences reconnaissance
3.25 p.m. Rosyth battle cruisers sight 5 enemy battle cruisers bearing
north-east. Range, 23,000 yards (11 J sea miles). Course,
Accurate information of the German positions is not yet public, but according to his own hook the
German C.-in-C. passed Horn Reef L.V. at 3 a.m.
2 Possibly she was only damaged ; accurate intelligence is not yet public. It is stated that the ship was
the battleship ” Ostfriesland.”

3.25 p.m. 13th Destroyer Flotilla takes station ahead of battle cruisers,
near to 2nd L.C.S. ; 1st and 3rd L.C.S. are astern—
i.e., to the northward of battle cruisers. 5th Battle
Squadron (4 ships Queen Elizabeth class) are about 5 miles
astern of battle cruisers.
3.48 p.m. Lion opens fire. Princess Royal, Queen Mary, Tiger, New
Zealand, Indefatigable, following astern in single line,
also open fire.
4.04 p.m. Indefatigable sunk.
4.08 p.m. 5th B.S. open fire ; range 20,000 yards (a very long range).
4.26p.m. Queen Mary sunk.
About 4.15
to 5 p.m. 13th Destroyer Flotilla attack enemy battle cruisers with
torpedoes, engage enemy destroyers with gunfire, and
eventually attack enemy battle fleet.Nestor and Nomad sunk. Two German destroyers sunk.
4.38 p.m. 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron {Southampton, Nottingham, Birmingham,
Dublin) ahead of Lion, report enemy battle
fleet in sight.
4.46 p.m. Kosyth battle cruisers alter course 16 points to starboard
in succession on to northerly course.
4.52 p.m. German battle cruisers alter course 16 points to port (outwards)
in succession on to northerly course.
4.57 p.m. 5th Battle Squadron pass our battle cruisers, then turn
16 points, and form up about 2 miles astern i.e., to
the southward of them. Course North. They engage
van of German battle fleet.
5.0 p.m. Grand Fleet is approximately 40 miles north-north-west
(true) from H.M.S. Lion.
5.0 to
6.0 p.m. Four remaining battle cruisers
Lion, Princess Royal, Tiger,
New Zealand—continue gunnery duel with 5 German
battle cruisers on a northerly course, range about 13,000
to 18,000 yards. There are intervals during which fire
is checked ; enemy are periodically obscured by mist.
5th B.S. engage German battle cruisers and van of German
battle fleet.
5.30 p.m. Hood’s battle cruiser squadron {Invincible, Inflexible, Indomitable),
having been detached from Grand Fleet at
2.30 p.m. to support Rosyth battle cruiser force, sight
5.40 p.m. Light cruiser Chester engages enemy light cruisers, and soon
afterwards other ships under Admiral Hood come into
5.59 p.m. Shark sunk.

About 6.0 to 9.0 p.m. BATTLE FLEET ACTION.
About Arbuthnot’s Cruiser Squadron, Defence, etc., commence action
6.50 p.m. with German light cruiser.
6.66 p.m. Marlborough, western wing battleship of Grand Fleet, sights
About 6.65 to 6.25 p.m. Windy Corner period.
6.05 p.m. Onslow attacks German light cruiser, then battle cruisers,
then battle fleet. Is damaged, and about 7.16 p.m. is
towed out of action by Defender,
6.14 p.m. Battle Fleet deploys. Immediate course as they deploy
E.N.E., ships then altering course in succession to S.E.
by E. King George V. leading 2nd B.S. in the van
Iron Duke with 4th B.S. in the centre ; Marlborough
with 1st B.S. in the rear. 6th B.S. form astern of Ist
6.16 p.m. De/encc blown up, Wamor disabled.
6.17 p.m. Battle fleet opens fire, 1st B.S. in the rear commencing.
German light cruiser Wiesbaden set on fire, sinks soon
6.20 p.m. Warspiie^s helm jams.
6.21 p.m. Hood’s battle cruisers form ahead of Lion and engage enemy
battle cruisers at about 8,000 yards range.
6.26 p.m. 3rd Light Cruiser Squadron {Falmouth, etc.) attack enemy
battle cruisers.
6.30 to 7.20 p.m. Battleships in the centre and van firing at enemy.
6.33 p.m. Invincible blows up.
6.38 p.m. Battle fleet deployment complete ; fleet in single line ahead
steering S.E. by E.
6.47 p.m. Acasta, lying disabled, is passed by Iron Duke and the battle
6.64 p.m. Marlborough (4th battleship from the rear) hit by a torpedo.
7.0 to
7.14 p.m. Six British battle cruisers in van, hauling round throughsouth to a south-westerly course, regain contact with
enemy, which had been lost ; range, 16,000 yards. British
battle cruisers are roughly 6 to 7 miles ahead of leading
battleship. ,
7.10 p.m. 1st German destroyer attack on battle fleet.
7.0 to
7.40 p.m. Course of battle fleet south, with periodical alterations to the eastward to neutralise torpedo attacks.
7.12 p.m. Rear ships of battle fleet {Colossus, Neptune, etc.) engage enemy
battleships or battle cruisers.

7.20 p.m. Rear ships of battle fleet dodging torpedoes.
7.25 p.m. Second German destroyer attack. German battle line makes
large turn away under cover of this attack and of smoke
screen. Probably two German destroyers sunk.
7.45 p.m. Ohedienty Marvel, Mindful, and Onslaught sink a German
destroyer, flying a Commodore’s pendant, that lay
damaged between the fleets.
7.45 p.m,  Battle cruisers lose touch with enemy.
8.20 p.m,  1st and 3rd L.C.S. locate head of enemy’s line again. Battle
cruisers on a westerly course regain touch. Enemy
appear to suffer heavily from gunfire.
8.22 p.m,  4th Light Cruiser Squadron {Calliope, etc.) engaging enemy.
9.5 p.m,  Caroline fires torpedoes at enemy battle cruisers.
9.0 p.m,  Battle fleet course south ; speed, 17 knots ; take up night
9.32 p.m. Ahdiel detached to lay mine-field off Horn Reefs. Lays
mines about 1.0 a.m.

10 p.m. to 2 a.m. NIGHT ACTION.
10.04 p.m. H.M.S. Castor and part of 11th Destroyer Flotilla in action
{Castor’s 1st Night Action).
10.20 p.m. Light cruiser action of 2nd L.C.S. {Southampton, Dublin,
Nottingham, Birmingham) with German light cruisers.
German Ught cruiser Frauenlob sunk by torpedo from
About Actions of Tipperary’s (4th) Flotilla commence.^
11.30 p.m. Rough chronology was :

About 11.30 p.m.; 4th Flotilla in action at close range with
German cruisers. Tipperary is set
on fire. Spitfire is damaged.
About 11.45 p.m.; Ardent, Ambuscade, Garland, and Fortune
engage enemy big ship; Fortune is sunk.

About 11.30 p.m. Spitfire closing the burning Tipperary is
rammed by a German cruiser.
Soon after Burning ship, possibly H.M.S. Black Prince,
Midnight. passes close by Spitfire.
It is probable that during these actions one or more German cruisers or battleships were sunk by torpedoes, but there is not sufficient evidence upon which to base a definite statement.

About 12.15 p.m. Broke, followed by Sparrowhawk and others,
in action with German battleship.
Broke collides with Sparrowhawk.
Soon after Ardent sunk by German battleships.
About 2 a.m. Tipperary sinks. Survivors take to rafts.
About 3 a.m. Sparrowhawk sights German light cruiser.
German light cruiser sinks.
About 4 a.m. Garland and Contest engage four German
About 5.0 a.m. Survivors of Tipperary on a raft reach
H.M.S. Sparrowhawk.
8.0 a.m. H.M.S. Sparrowhawk is sunk. Her crew
with survivors of Tipperary are taken
on board H.M.S. Marksman.
12.15 a.m. H.M.S. Castor^ s 2nd night action (one German destroyer
probably sunk).
12.30 (?) Part of 13th Destroyer Flotilla {Petard, Nicator, etc.) in action
with German battleships.
H.M.S. Turbulent rammed and sunk.
Note.—Sometime during the night or early morning
H.M.S. Black Prince foundered.
German battle cruiser Lutzow was abandoned and sank
as result of damage received during day action. One
German light cruiser, two, also sank during
the night.
June 1st.
1.45 a.m. 12th Destroyer Flotilla {Faulknor, Obedient, etc.) sight enemy
battle squadron. Manoeuvre into position of torpedo
2.0 a.m. Attack. One German battleship hit by torpedo and sunk.
H.M.S. Onslaught damaged, but no British ship lost.
2.25 a.m. H.M.S. Maenad turns back and delivers a second attack by
herself. Probably one of her torpedoes hit.
2.30 a.m. Vice-Admiral Sir C. Burney, Commanding 1st Battle Squadron,
transfers his flag from Marlborough to Revenge. Marlborough
proceeds to England.
2.47 a.m. Gra;nd Fleet Battle Squadrons, accompanied by cruisers and
a few destroyers, turn to north. German battle fleet at
this time was passing or past Horn Reefs, which bore
roughly north-east 40 miles from Iron Duke.
‘ Available evidence is conflicting as to whether the time of this action was just before midnight or just after.
3.0 to
6.30 a.m. Several cruisers or destroyers sight enemy light craft disappearing
in the mist. No action is fought.
3.30 to
4.0 a.m.  Zeppelin in sight from various British ships.
7.30 a.m.
1.15 p.m. H.M.S. Warrior abandoned. Engadine takes off crew.
British Battle Fleet shapes course for Scapa Flow.
June 1st. Damaged Ships proceeding Home Independently

H.M.S. Marlborough.
H.M.S. Warspiie.
H.M.S. Onslow in tow of H.M.S. Defender.
H.M.S. Acasta in tow of H.M.S. Nonsuch.
H.M.S. Broke.
H.M.S. Spitfire.
H.M.S. Garland, with H.M.S. Contest and H.M.S.
H.M.S. Onslaught.
German battle cruiser Seydlitz very badly damaged
in the day action, reaches Cuxhaven, but (it is
believed) sinks or is purposely grounded at the
entrance. She is later salved.
German battleship Osifriesland (?) strikes a mine in
the vicinity of Horn Reefs.
June 2nd.
8.0 a.m.   H.M.S. Marlborough arrives safely in the Humber.
Forenoon.  Battle fleet returns to Scapa Flow.
9.45 p.m.  Battle fleet refuelled and reported ready for sea.
June 3rd.
8.0 p.m.  Broke enters the Tyne. All damaged British ships now back
in harbour.


Summary of Strength and Losses
of the two Fleets.
BRITISH.                                GERMAN.
28 Battleships.                    22 Battleships.
9 Battle Cruisers.                 5 Battle Cruisers
33 Cruisers and Light       11 Light Cruisers.
Cruisers.                              About 72 Destroyers.
1 Seaplane Carrier.
1 Minelayer.
79 Destroyers.

(British losses are known ; German losses are estimated only
but probably are correct).
3 Battle Cruisers.
3 Cruisers.
8 Destroyers.
1 Battleship.
1 Battle Cruisei*.
4 Light Cruisers.
5 Destroyers.

  • From
  • The Fighting at Jutland
    The Personal Experiences
    of Forty-five Officers and
    Men of the British Fleet.
    …. Edited by
    H. W. FAWCETT, Royal Navy,
    G. W. W. HOOPER, Royal Navy.

To read and download here…..

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