British Grenadier Guards

Grenadier Guards

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Proclamation changing the Name of the British Royal Family

By the KING. A PROCLAMATION declaring that the Name of Windsor is to be borne by his Royal House and Family and Relinquishing the Use of All German Titles and Dignities.


WHEREAS We, having taken into consideration the Name and Title of Our Royal House and Family, have determined that henceforth Our House and Family shall be styled and known as the House and Family of Windsor:

And whereas We have further determined for Ourselves and for and on behalf of Our descendants and all other the descendants of Our Grandmother Queen Victoria of blessed and glorious memory to relinquish and discontinue the use of all German Titles and Dignities:

And whereas We have declared these Our determinations in Our Privy Council:

Now, therefore, We, out of Our Royal Will and Authority, do hereby declare and announce that as from the date of this Our Royal Proclamation Our House and Family shall be styled and known as the House and Family of Windsor, and that all the descendants in the male line of Our said Grandmother Queen Victoria who are subjects of these Realms, other than female descendants who may marry or may have married, shall bear the said Name of Windsor:

And do hereby further declare and announce that We for Ourselves and for and on behalf of Our descendants and all other the descendants of Our said Grandmother Queen Victoria who are subjects of these Realms, relinquish and enjoin the discontinuance of the use of the Degrees, Styles, Dignities, Titles and Honours of Dukes and Duchesses of Saxony and Princes and Princesses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and all other German Degrees, Styles, Dignities. Titles, Honours and Appellations to Us or to them heretofore belonging or appertaining.

Given at Our Court at Buckingham Palace, this Seventeenth day of July, in the year of our Lord One thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and in the Eighth year of Our Reign.

GOD save the KING.

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100 years ago today 1st July 1916…19,240 British soldiers killed and 37,000 wounded.

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Apocalypse World War 1 | FURY – (Part 1/5) TV Mini Series [2014]

Colorized historical footage in ascending order of World War 1. Not only the relatively known Flanders and France battles, but also the generally unknown Italian-Austrian, German-Polish-Russian, Japanese-German, Ottoman Empire- Allied and African German Colonies, and other unknown or forgotten fronts and battles. Original French production retold in English for National Geographic channel as: World War 1: The Apocalypse
– Written by Daniel McLion

A CC&C Ideacom International Co-production

A Series Written and Directed by
Isabelle Clarke
Daniel Costelle

Produced by
Louis Vaudeville
Josette D. Normandeau

Original Score
Christian Clermont

Narrated by
Francois Arnaud

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Battle of Mount Sorrel Hill 62 (Sanctuary Wood Ypres 2nd to 13th June 1916.

Mount Sorrel was the objective of an important battle between Canadian and German soldiers in the First World War. Thousands of Canadians were killed and wounded in the fighting, from 2 to 13 June 1916, for this strategic hill in the Ypres Salient in Belgium.
2 June Assault
In the spring of 1916, the 3rd Division of the Canadian Corps (see Canadian Expeditionary Force) defended Mount Sorrel, a 30-metre hill with a commanding position over the city of Ypres.The wooded elevation also overlooked the important road between Ypres and the town of Menin. Heavy rain and constant shelling left the ground a soggy mess punched apart by holes.
On 2 June, German troops attacked the Canadians with an artillery barrage. The Allied trenches were blown apart, the explosions killing hundreds of Canadian troops and blasting apart their garrisons. The 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles was nearly wiped out — 89 per cent of the regiment’s men were killed or injured. Of the 702 soldiers in the regiment who defended against the German attack, only 76 were unhurt by the end of the battle.
The Germans also attacked from below, detonating mines they had dug beneath the Canadian positions. German infantry swarmed across the broken plains and up Mount Sorrel.
Two Leaders Lost
Two important Canadians officers were lost in the fighting. Major General Malcolm Mercer, the 3rd Division’s commander, was killed; and Brigadier General V.A.S. Williams, commander of the Division’s 8th Brigade, was wounded and taken prisoner. Both leaders were on a reconnaissance mission when they were hit by the German assault.
German forces soon overwhelmed the Canadian defenders and captured Mount Sorrel along with nearby peaks Hill 61and Hill 62. The Canadians tried to retake the hills on 3 June. The plan was to attack under cover of darkness at about 2 a.m., but the attack did not start until after dawn on the rainy, windy day. The Germans repelled the attack.
The Germans also captured Hooge, a village on the main road. They were now well-positioned to attack the city of Ypres itself.
The Allies sought to reclaim Mount Sorrel, but troops and supplies were in short supply as the Allies were also planning the Somme Offensive in France. The British 2nd Calvary Brigade came to the aid of the Canadians.
Starting on 9 June, Allied forces under Lieutenant General Sir Julian Byng attacked the dug-in German hilltop positions with artillery. At 1:30 a.m. on 13 June, the Allies followed with an infantry attack that ran in under the cover of a smoke screen. Fighting in the dark, amid flares of light from the heavy attack, the Canadian and British soldiers pushed through the wind and rain to recapture the mount. Refortifying the repeatedly destroyed trenches was hard work as the churned-up earth was muddy from the rain, and the numerous shell holes were filled with water. Despite these obstacles, the Allies recaptured Mount Sorrel.
“The first Canadian deliberately planned attack in any force had resulted in an unqualified success,” said the British Official History of the war.
It came at a cost. Between 2 and 14 June, more than 1,100 Canadians were killed at Mount Sorrel, with more than 2,000 men missing. Thousands more were injured; in total, 8,430 Canadian men were killed, wounded or reported missing. The Germans suffered 5,765 men killed, injured or missing.
Today, a monument known as Mount Sorrel sits by the Sanctuary Wood Museum near Ypres. The inscription reads: “Here at Mount Sorrel and on the line from Hooge to St. Eloi, the Canadian Corps fought in the defence of Ypres April-August 1916”.
Less than three weeks after the Battle for Mount Sorrel, Allied forces launched the Battle of the Somme.

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Admiral Jellicoe’s message to the Fleet.

“I desire to express to the flag officers, captains, officers and men of the Grand Fleet my very high appreciation of the manner in which the ships fought during the action of May 31, 1916.

At this stage, when full information is not available, it is not possible to enter into details, but quite sufficient is already known to enable me to state definitely that the glorious seamen were most worthily upheld.

Weather conditions of a highly unfavourable nature robbed the Fleet of that complete victory which I know was expected by all ranks.

Our losses were heavy, and we miss many most gallant comrades, but although it is very difficult to obtain accurate information as to the enemy losses. I have no doubt that we shall find that they are certainly not less than our own. Sufficient information has already been received for me to make that statement with confidence. (Germany suffered 2,551 losses. Britain lost over 6,000.)

I hope to be able to give the Fleet fuller information on this point at an early date, but do not wish to delay the issue of this expression of my keen appreciation of the work of the Fleet and my confidence in future complete victory.

I cannot close without stating that the wonderful spirit and fortitude of the wounded had filled me with the greatest admiration. I am more proud than ever to have the honour of commanding a Fleet manned by such officers and men.

J.R. Jellicoe, Admiral Commanding-in-Chief”

Admiral Jellicoe


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The Battle of Jutland 31st May 1916 with Animation

The Battle Of Jutland 31st May 1916.

A full account of the Battle of Jutland narrated by Admiral Jellicoe’s grandson as part of the Jutland Centenary Commemorations. The 24 minute animation gives the viewer an overview of the major “chapters” of the battle – the opening battle cruiser action, the Grand Fleet deployment, the Turn Away and the Night Destroyer actions. Additionally the 1917 submarine campaign is explained as a consequence of Scheer’s decision not to risk another Fleet-to-Fleet encounter. Graphics, animation, animated maps and contemporary photography illustrate key points.


“People think that because you were there you knew the scale of it. You didn’t”
Henry Allingham – The last survivor of the Battle of Jutland.




Royal Navy


Barham 26 (4 officers) killed 37 (1 officer) wounded

Colossus 5 wounded

Malaya 63 (2 officers) killed 33 wounded

Marlborough 2 wounded

Valiant 1 wounded

Warspite 14 (1 officer) killed 16 (3 officers) wounded


Battle Cruisers:

Indefatigable (sunk) 1,017 (57 officers) killed 2 taken prisoner

Invincible (sunk) 1,026 (61 officers) killed

Lion 99 (6 officers) killed 44 (1 officer) wounded

Princess Royal 22 killed 78 (1 officer) wounded

Queen Mary (sunk) 1,266 (57 officers) killed 7 (2 officer) wounded 2 taken prisoner (1 officer)

Tiger 24 (2 officers) killed 37 wounded



Black Prince (sunk) 857 (37 officers) killed

Defence (sunk) 903 (54 officers) killed

Warrior (sunk) 71 (1 officer) killed 27 (2 officers) wounded


Light Cruisers:

Calliope 10 killed 9 (2 officers) wounded

Castor 13 killed 24 (2 officers) wounded

Chester 35 (2 officers) killed 42 (3 officers) wounded

Dublin 3 (1 officer) killed 24 wounded

Southampton 35 killed 41 (1 officer) wounded


Flotilla Leaders:

Broke 47 (1 officer) killed 36 (3 officers) wounded

Tipperary (sunk) 185 (11 officers) killed 2 wounded 8 taken prisoner



Acasta 6 (1 officer) killed 1 wounded

Ardent (sunk) 78 (4 officers) killed 2 (1 officer) wounded

Defender 1 killed 2 wounded

Fortune (sunk) 67 (4 officers) killed 1 wounded

Morsom 1 wounded

Nessus 7 (2 officers) killed 7 wounded

Nestor (sunk) 6 (2 officers) killed 4 wounded 75 taken prisoner

Nomad (sunk) 8 (1 officer) killed 7 wounded

Onslaught 5 (3 officers) killed 2 wounded

Onslow 2 killed 3 wounded

Petard 9 (2 officers) killed 6 (1 officer) wounded

Porpoise 2 killed 2 wounded

Shark (sunk) 86 (7 officers) killed 2 wounded

Sparrowhawk 6 killed

Spitfire 6 killed 19 (3 officers) wounded

Turbulent (sunk) 90 (5 officers) killed 13 taken prisoner


TOTALS of British casualties at the Battle of Jutland 31st May 1916:

Officers: 328 killed 25 wounded 10 taken prisoner

Sailors: (and civilians on-board) 5,769 killed 485 wounded 167 taken prisoner




German Imperial Navy



Grosser Kürfurst 15 (3 officers) killed 11 (1 officer) wounded

Kaiser 1 wounded

König 45 (1 officer) killed 27 (1 officer) wounded

Markgraf 11 killed 13 (1 officer) wounded

Nassau 12 (2 officers) killed 15 (2 officers) wounded

Oldenburg 8 (4 officers) killed 14 (3 officers) wounded

Ostfriesland 1 killed 10 wounded

Pommern (sunk) 840 (71 officers) killed

Rheinland 10 killed 20 (1 officer) wounded

Schliesien 1 killed 1 officer wounded

Schleswig-Holstein 3 killed 8 wounded

Westphalen 2 killed 8 (1 officer) wounded


Battle Cruisers:

Derfflinger 154 (1 officer) killed 26 (2 officers) wounded

Lützow (sunk) 111 (5 officers) killed 54 (5 officers) wounded

Moltke 17 killed 22 wounded

Seydlitz 98 (5 officers) killed 50 (4 officers) wounded

Von der Tann 12 (1 officer) killed 35 (3 officers) wounded


Light Cruisers:

Elbing (sunk) 4 killed 10 (1 officer) wounded

Frankfurt 3 (1 officer) killed 21 (1 officer) wounded

Frauenlob (sunk) 342 (17 officers) killed

Hamburg 14 (1 officer) killed 25 (4 officers) wounded

München 8 (1 officer) killed 19 (4 officers) wounded

Pillau 4 killed 23 wounded

Rostock 14 (1 officer) killed 6 wounded

Stettin 9 killed 27 (1 officer) wounded

Wiesbaden (sunk) 570 (27 officers) killed


Torpedo Boats/Destroyers

B98 2 killed 10 wounded

G40 1 killed 1 wounded

S32 3 killed 1 wounded

V4 (sunk) 18 (1 officer) killed 4 wounded

V48 (sunk) 92 (6 officers) killed


Sixth Flotilla 3 killed 16 (3 officers) wounded

Ninth Flotilla 120 (12 officers) killed 15 wounded


TOTALS of German casualties at the Battle of Jutland 31st May 1916:

Officers: 160 killed 40 wounded

Sailors: 2,385 killed 454 wounded




Chronology of Principal Events.
(Note.—These times are not based upon authentic records, but are
taken from the Jutland despatches, checked with narratives, Jellicoe’s
” Grand Fleet,” 1914-1916, and Von Scheer’s *’High Seas Fleet.”)
Phase I.—Battle Cruiser Action, . Roughly 4.0 to 6.0 p.m.
Phase II.—Battle Fleet Action, . . Roughly 6.0 to 9.0 p.m.
Phase III.—Night Action, . . . Roughly 10 p.m. to 2 a.m.,

June 1st.
2.20 p.m. Galatea reports enemy ships in sight.
Rosyth battle cruiser force steer to intercept enemy.
2.40 p.m. Grand Fleet raise steam for full speed and prepare to join
Ros3rth Force.
3.08 p.m. Engadine^s Seaplane is hoisted out and commences reconnaissance
3.25 p.m. Rosyth battle cruisers sight 5 enemy battle cruisers bearing
north-east. Range, 23,000 yards (11 J sea miles). Course,
Accurate information of the German positions is not yet public, but according to his own hook the
German C.-in-C. passed Horn Reef L.V. at 3 a.m.
2 Possibly she was only damaged ; accurate intelligence is not yet public. It is stated that the ship was
the battleship ” Ostfriesland.”

3.25 p.m. 13th Destroyer Flotilla takes station ahead of battle cruisers,
near to 2nd L.C.S. ; 1st and 3rd L.C.S. are astern—
i.e., to the northward of battle cruisers. 5th Battle
Squadron (4 ships Queen Elizabeth class) are about 5 miles
astern of battle cruisers.
3.48 p.m. Lion opens fire. Princess Royal, Queen Mary, Tiger, New
Zealand, Indefatigable, following astern in single line,
also open fire.
4.04 p.m. Indefatigable sunk.
4.08 p.m. 5th B.S. open fire ; range 20,000 yards (a very long range).
4.26p.m. Queen Mary sunk.
About 4.15
to 5 p.m. 13th Destroyer Flotilla attack enemy battle cruisers with
torpedoes, engage enemy destroyers with gunfire, and
eventually attack enemy battle fleet.Nestor and Nomad sunk. Two German destroyers sunk.
4.38 p.m. 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron {Southampton, Nottingham, Birmingham,
Dublin) ahead of Lion, report enemy battle
fleet in sight.
4.46 p.m. Kosyth battle cruisers alter course 16 points to starboard
in succession on to northerly course.
4.52 p.m. German battle cruisers alter course 16 points to port (outwards)
in succession on to northerly course.
4.57 p.m. 5th Battle Squadron pass our battle cruisers, then turn
16 points, and form up about 2 miles astern i.e., to
the southward of them. Course North. They engage
van of German battle fleet.
5.0 p.m. Grand Fleet is approximately 40 miles north-north-west
(true) from H.M.S. Lion.
5.0 to
6.0 p.m. Four remaining battle cruisers
Lion, Princess Royal, Tiger,
New Zealand—continue gunnery duel with 5 German
battle cruisers on a northerly course, range about 13,000
to 18,000 yards. There are intervals during which fire
is checked ; enemy are periodically obscured by mist.
5th B.S. engage German battle cruisers and van of German
battle fleet.
5.30 p.m. Hood’s battle cruiser squadron {Invincible, Inflexible, Indomitable),
having been detached from Grand Fleet at
2.30 p.m. to support Rosyth battle cruiser force, sight
5.40 p.m. Light cruiser Chester engages enemy light cruisers, and soon
afterwards other ships under Admiral Hood come into
5.59 p.m. Shark sunk.

About 6.0 to 9.0 p.m. BATTLE FLEET ACTION.
About Arbuthnot’s Cruiser Squadron, Defence, etc., commence action
6.50 p.m. with German light cruiser.
6.66 p.m. Marlborough, western wing battleship of Grand Fleet, sights
About 6.65 to 6.25 p.m. Windy Corner period.
6.05 p.m. Onslow attacks German light cruiser, then battle cruisers,
then battle fleet. Is damaged, and about 7.16 p.m. is
towed out of action by Defender,
6.14 p.m. Battle Fleet deploys. Immediate course as they deploy
E.N.E., ships then altering course in succession to S.E.
by E. King George V. leading 2nd B.S. in the van
Iron Duke with 4th B.S. in the centre ; Marlborough
with 1st B.S. in the rear. 6th B.S. form astern of Ist
6.16 p.m. De/encc blown up, Wamor disabled.
6.17 p.m. Battle fleet opens fire, 1st B.S. in the rear commencing.
German light cruiser Wiesbaden set on fire, sinks soon
6.20 p.m. Warspiie^s helm jams.
6.21 p.m. Hood’s battle cruisers form ahead of Lion and engage enemy
battle cruisers at about 8,000 yards range.
6.26 p.m. 3rd Light Cruiser Squadron {Falmouth, etc.) attack enemy
battle cruisers.
6.30 to 7.20 p.m. Battleships in the centre and van firing at enemy.
6.33 p.m. Invincible blows up.
6.38 p.m. Battle fleet deployment complete ; fleet in single line ahead
steering S.E. by E.
6.47 p.m. Acasta, lying disabled, is passed by Iron Duke and the battle
6.64 p.m. Marlborough (4th battleship from the rear) hit by a torpedo.
7.0 to
7.14 p.m. Six British battle cruisers in van, hauling round throughsouth to a south-westerly course, regain contact with
enemy, which had been lost ; range, 16,000 yards. British
battle cruisers are roughly 6 to 7 miles ahead of leading
battleship. ,
7.10 p.m. 1st German destroyer attack on battle fleet.
7.0 to
7.40 p.m. Course of battle fleet south, with periodical alterations to the eastward to neutralise torpedo attacks.
7.12 p.m. Rear ships of battle fleet {Colossus, Neptune, etc.) engage enemy
battleships or battle cruisers.

7.20 p.m. Rear ships of battle fleet dodging torpedoes.
7.25 p.m. Second German destroyer attack. German battle line makes
large turn away under cover of this attack and of smoke
screen. Probably two German destroyers sunk.
7.45 p.m. Ohedienty Marvel, Mindful, and Onslaught sink a German
destroyer, flying a Commodore’s pendant, that lay
damaged between the fleets.
7.45 p.m,  Battle cruisers lose touch with enemy.
8.20 p.m,  1st and 3rd L.C.S. locate head of enemy’s line again. Battle
cruisers on a westerly course regain touch. Enemy
appear to suffer heavily from gunfire.
8.22 p.m,  4th Light Cruiser Squadron {Calliope, etc.) engaging enemy.
9.5 p.m,  Caroline fires torpedoes at enemy battle cruisers.
9.0 p.m,  Battle fleet course south ; speed, 17 knots ; take up night
9.32 p.m. Ahdiel detached to lay mine-field off Horn Reefs. Lays
mines about 1.0 a.m.

10 p.m. to 2 a.m. NIGHT ACTION.
10.04 p.m. H.M.S. Castor and part of 11th Destroyer Flotilla in action
{Castor’s 1st Night Action).
10.20 p.m. Light cruiser action of 2nd L.C.S. {Southampton, Dublin,
Nottingham, Birmingham) with German light cruisers.
German Ught cruiser Frauenlob sunk by torpedo from
About Actions of Tipperary’s (4th) Flotilla commence.^
11.30 p.m. Rough chronology was :

About 11.30 p.m.; 4th Flotilla in action at close range with
German cruisers. Tipperary is set
on fire. Spitfire is damaged.
About 11.45 p.m.; Ardent, Ambuscade, Garland, and Fortune
engage enemy big ship; Fortune is sunk.

About 11.30 p.m. Spitfire closing the burning Tipperary is
rammed by a German cruiser.
Soon after Burning ship, possibly H.M.S. Black Prince,
Midnight. passes close by Spitfire.
It is probable that during these actions one or more German cruisers or battleships were sunk by torpedoes, but there is not sufficient evidence upon which to base a definite statement.

About 12.15 p.m. Broke, followed by Sparrowhawk and others,
in action with German battleship.
Broke collides with Sparrowhawk.
Soon after Ardent sunk by German battleships.
About 2 a.m. Tipperary sinks. Survivors take to rafts.
About 3 a.m. Sparrowhawk sights German light cruiser.
German light cruiser sinks.
About 4 a.m. Garland and Contest engage four German
About 5.0 a.m. Survivors of Tipperary on a raft reach
H.M.S. Sparrowhawk.
8.0 a.m. H.M.S. Sparrowhawk is sunk. Her crew
with survivors of Tipperary are taken
on board H.M.S. Marksman.
12.15 a.m. H.M.S. Castor^ s 2nd night action (one German destroyer
probably sunk).
12.30 (?) Part of 13th Destroyer Flotilla {Petard, Nicator, etc.) in action
with German battleships.
H.M.S. Turbulent rammed and sunk.
Note.—Sometime during the night or early morning
H.M.S. Black Prince foundered.
German battle cruiser Lutzow was abandoned and sank
as result of damage received during day action. One
German light cruiser, two, also sank during
the night.
June 1st.
1.45 a.m. 12th Destroyer Flotilla {Faulknor, Obedient, etc.) sight enemy
battle squadron. Manoeuvre into position of torpedo
2.0 a.m. Attack. One German battleship hit by torpedo and sunk.
H.M.S. Onslaught damaged, but no British ship lost.
2.25 a.m. H.M.S. Maenad turns back and delivers a second attack by
herself. Probably one of her torpedoes hit.
2.30 a.m. Vice-Admiral Sir C. Burney, Commanding 1st Battle Squadron,
transfers his flag from Marlborough to Revenge. Marlborough
proceeds to England.
2.47 a.m. Gra;nd Fleet Battle Squadrons, accompanied by cruisers and
a few destroyers, turn to north. German battle fleet at
this time was passing or past Horn Reefs, which bore
roughly north-east 40 miles from Iron Duke.
‘ Available evidence is conflicting as to whether the time of this action was just before midnight or just after.
3.0 to
6.30 a.m. Several cruisers or destroyers sight enemy light craft disappearing
in the mist. No action is fought.
3.30 to
4.0 a.m.  Zeppelin in sight from various British ships.
7.30 a.m.
1.15 p.m. H.M.S. Warrior abandoned. Engadine takes off crew.
British Battle Fleet shapes course for Scapa Flow.
June 1st. Damaged Ships proceeding Home Independently

H.M.S. Marlborough.
H.M.S. Warspiie.
H.M.S. Onslow in tow of H.M.S. Defender.
H.M.S. Acasta in tow of H.M.S. Nonsuch.
H.M.S. Broke.
H.M.S. Spitfire.
H.M.S. Garland, with H.M.S. Contest and H.M.S.
H.M.S. Onslaught.
German battle cruiser Seydlitz very badly damaged
in the day action, reaches Cuxhaven, but (it is
believed) sinks or is purposely grounded at the
entrance. She is later salved.
German battleship Osifriesland (?) strikes a mine in
the vicinity of Horn Reefs.
June 2nd.
8.0 a.m.   H.M.S. Marlborough arrives safely in the Humber.
Forenoon.  Battle fleet returns to Scapa Flow.
9.45 p.m.  Battle fleet refuelled and reported ready for sea.
June 3rd.
8.0 p.m.  Broke enters the Tyne. All damaged British ships now back
in harbour.


Summary of Strength and Losses
of the two Fleets.
BRITISH.                                GERMAN.
28 Battleships.                    22 Battleships.
9 Battle Cruisers.                 5 Battle Cruisers
33 Cruisers and Light       11 Light Cruisers.
Cruisers.                              About 72 Destroyers.
1 Seaplane Carrier.
1 Minelayer.
79 Destroyers.

(British losses are known ; German losses are estimated only
but probably are correct).
3 Battle Cruisers.
3 Cruisers.
8 Destroyers.
1 Battleship.
1 Battle Cruisei*.
4 Light Cruisers.
5 Destroyers.

  • From
  • The Fighting at Jutland
    The Personal Experiences
    of Forty-five Officers and
    Men of the British Fleet.
    …. Edited by
    H. W. FAWCETT, Royal Navy,
    G. W. W. HOOPER, Royal Navy.

To read and download here…..

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